From a friend at Gale Cengage:

ROI slides that speak to equitable access and high school dropouts

 Here are the 6 sources.                                            

 1 U.S. Census Bureau, 2012-2016 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

2 U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2016,

3 Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Unemployment rate 2.4 percent for college grads, 5.1 percent for high school grads in August 2017 on the Internet at November 30, 2017).

4 Meacham, Jon. (April 12, 2012). U.S. Education Reform and National Security: Report of a CFR Sponsored Independent Task Force. Retrieved from

5 Raphael—The Socioeconomic Status of Black Males: The Increasing Importance of Incarceration,

Berkley, CA: Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, 2004.


2nd slide – stats are from this White Paper